They belong to the order Artiodactyla, … The IUCN currently recognises one species (Giraffa camelopardalis) and nine subspecies of giraffe, which is historically based on outdated assessments of their morphological features and geographic ranges. This study revealed that there are four distinct species of giraffe, and five subspecies. There are several types of giraffes including 4 species and numerous subspecies. There are fewer giraffe in the wild today than the African elephant or the hippo. In a recent paper in Current Biology, Fennessy and colleagues [1] conclude that there are four species of giraffe and that their numbers are declining in Africa. They eat the browse that others cannot reach, which promotes growth of forage and opens up areas for themselves and other smaller browsers to make use of. There are three distinct types of Giraffes. According to science, there are 4 giraffe species and 5 subspecies. But this discovery could significantly impact conservation efforts, leading to initiatives that better address needs that vary across species. There is also a real stuffed albino giraffe in Ripley's Believe It Or Not Odditorium. Kordofan giraffe. Proceeds from every sale help fund our conservation work in Africa. © Outside of this Kenyan giraffe family, only one other white giraffe has been spotted in Africa; it … Presently there are between 8 and 11 subspecies of giraffes recognized by the scientific community, differentiated almost exclusively by coat color and pattern. Giraffes are a more diverse group than once thought, with scientists recently identifying four distinct species. There are 6 different types of giraffes. (2016) sampled natural giraffe populations from across their range in Africa and performed genetic analyses that indicated four species should be recognized. However, a paper published today in BMC Biology convincingly demonstrates that giraffes are actually comprised of at least six, and possibly as many as … The southern giraffe species is now thought to include the Angolan subspecies and the South African subspecies. They are distinguished by their coat patterns and by where they live in Africa. Opt in to receive news and updates. There are many different types of Giraffe's around the world. There are 6 different types of giraffes. Giraffe Species Long-term research by GCF and partners has clearly identified four distinct species of giraffe in Africa – Masai, southern, northern and Reticulated giraffe, with several subspecies. There are now fewer than 100,000 giraffes alive in the world, and there are now fewer giraffes than elephants in Africa.. There is only one giraffe species, but there are several subspecies—two of which are endangered. Southern giraffe calf in the Okavango Delta, Botswana, representing the formerly recognized subspecies Angolan giraffe. In the last 15 years, the population of giraffes has declined by 40% - there are now an estimated 90,000 individuals in the wild. Leucism affects many mammals, but it is extremely rare in giraffes. We thought there was only one species for hundreds of years! Giraffes are known for their spotted coats. Make a donation to support our work in Africa. Giraffes are fairly social animals and get together in herds from time to time. There was a problem. In all of GCF’s conservation work and publications, based on this research, we use the updated giraffe taxonomy of the four species, while the IUCN still refers to the traditional concept of one species and nine subspecies. The giraffe population in Africa has fallen by nearly 40 percent. Giraffe’s are vital to keeping ecosystems in balance. File photo of the white giraffe spotted in Kenya in 2017. Leucism affects many mammals, but it is extremely rare in giraffes. The West African giraffe, the Rothschild giraffe, the reticulated giraffe, masai giraffe, angolan giraffe and South African giraffe. It's the best way to learn about our work and how you can get involved! There are approximately 8,500 individuals living in the wild. The subspecies formerly recognized as Thornicroft’s giraffe is now represented by this species. Nearly 40,000 giraffe parts have been imported to the US in last 10 years.. Giraffes belong to the family Giraffidae and the genus Giraffa. Giraffe species and types . Author links open overlay panel Fred B. Bercovitch 1 2 3 Philip S.M. How Many Giraffes Are There In The World Giraffe Population In Africa. The physical differences between the four giraffe species aren't dramatic. Angolan giraffe drinking in the Hoanib River, northwest Namibia. However, the Giraffe Conservation Foundation (GCF), together with its partner Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre (BiK-F), has performed the first-ever comprehensive DNA sampling and analysis (genomic, nuclear and mitochondrial) of all major natural populations of giraffe throughout their range in Africa. Giraffes are the tallest land animals. There are many different types of symbiotic relationships or relationships between animals that depend on each other in an ecosystem. Northern giraffes in the Murchison Falls National Park, Uganda. There are now fewer than 100,000 giraffes alive in the world, and there are now fewer giraffes than elephants in Africa.. How Many Giraffes Are There In The World Giraffe Population In Africa. There were several Middle English spellings, such as jarraf, ziraph, and gerfauntz.The Italian form giraffa arose in the 1590s. But it shouldn't be surprising that taxonomists disagree about how to classify the different types of giraffes. There are a counted 2645 Nubian, 8700 Reticulated and 659 Rothschild giraffes in Africa. Even though those are the most common places, Giraffe's can also be found in west Africa, Uganda, east Africa, Nigeria and many others. There is only one giraffe species, but there are several subspecies—two of which are endangered. New York, These types … In the last 30 years, giraffes in Africa have declined from approximately 155,000 to under 100,000, according to the latest IUCN Red List assessment. There are many different types of Giraffe's around the world. The release of a new study suggesting there are four species of giraffes is the latest piece of scientific evidence indicating giraffes belong to more than one species. However, additional research is necessary to determine whether Thornicroft’s giraffe are genetically identical to Masai giraffe, or should be considered a separate subspecies of Masai giraffe. (2016) sampled natural giraffe populations from across their range in Africa and performed genetic analyses that indicated four species should be recognized. They are Masaai, Rothschilds, and Reticulated. There are a counted 2645 Nubian, 8700 Reticulated and 659 Rothschild giraffes in Africa. Think of it as numbers on a clock — the closer to midnight the closer to extinction. Thank you for signing up to Live Science. There are three main types of symbiotic relationships which I have studied. During the year 2005 an albino giraffe was spotted in Tanzania. Live Science is part of Future US Inc, an international media group and leading digital publisher. The two giraffes to be killed were a mother and her seven-month-old calf. The Angolan giraffe (G. g. angolensis) and South African giraffe (G. g. giraffa) are the two subspecies of the Southern giraffe. Yet in America, trade in giraffe parts is booming. Since giraffes were first described in the … While some of these species have been reported to hybridise in zoos, there is very little evidence that this occurs readily in the wild. The Arab name is translated as "fast-walker". Angolan giraffes — now identified as the southern giraffe species — in northwest Namibia. GoPro Snorkeling video on Nova Scotia's South Shore One group (IUCN) says there is just one species and numerous subspecies. The giraffe population in Africa has fallen by nearly 40 percent. Most scientists recognize nine different kinds of giraffe, but whether they merit classification as their own individual species or are merely subspecies is still up for debate. The giraffe is the tallest living land animal. Even though those are the most common places, Giraffe's can also be found in west Africa, Uganda, east Africa, Nigeria and many others. Answer. These kinds of giraffes have been spotted in this area many times before. They are commonly known as Commensalism, Mutualism, and Parasitism. In the past 15-30 years, this number has dropped to just 80,000. As the nominate species, Nubian giraffe takes precedence and Rothschild’s giraffe is thus subsumed into it. Now, says Dr. Fennessy, there are at least 30 different species concepts, many of which rely on genetic testing. How many species of giraffe are there? Youngsters stay with a few adult females and the males are nomadic and move between groups of females. Native to Chad, Cameroon and the Central African Republic, the Kordofan giraffe … Fennessy et al. You will receive a verification email shortly. Nearly 40,000 giraffe parts have been imported to the US in last 10 years.. A giraffe's lungs can hold 12 gallons of air. The giraffe and its closest relative the okapi are the last survivors of the once plentiful Giraffidae family. They inhabit all continents with an exception of Antarctica and other small land masses such as New Zealand, Iceland, and Ireland. Learn about all 9 types of tigers, including population size, weight, range, illegal trade in tiger parts, and unique features. They belong to the order Artiodactyla, … For a long time, people called the giraffe a camel-leopard, believing it was a combination of a camel and a leopard! The reticulated giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis reticulata), also known as the Somali giraffe, is a subspecies of giraffe native to the Horn of Africa.It lives in Somalia, southern Ethiopia, and northern Kenya. Kordofan giraffe. Native to Chad, Cameroon and the Central African Republic, the Kordofan giraffe … Giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis) are presently classified as one species, with nine subspecies, which are considered 'Vulnerable' on the … The subspecies are thus divided: Angolan giraffe (G. c. angolensis), Kordofan giraffe (G. c. antiquorum), Masai giraffe (G. c. tippleskirchi), Nubian giraffe (G. c. camelopardalis), Reticulated giraffe (G. c. reticulata), Rothschild’s giraffe (G. c. rothschildi), South African giraffe (G. c. giraffa), Thornicroft’s giraffe (G. c. thornicrofti), and West African giraffe (G. c. peralta). Preliminary data suggests that the Thornicroft’s giraffe is genetically similar to the Masai giraffe. Wikimedia Commons. Read more about the four distinct giraffe species. We promise not to clutter your inbox. The answer to the question regarding how many types of giraffes are there in the world is letter B or nine (9). These kinds of giraffes have been spotted in this area many times before. Etymology. However, there is no group bonding. You can find these giraffes pictures on the internet. Giraffe species and types . The four distinct species are Masai giraffe (G. tippelskirchi), Northern giraffe (G. camelopardalis), Reticulated giraffe (G. reticulata) and Southern giraffe (G. giraffa). These types … The name "giraffe" has its earliest known origins in the Arabic word zarāfah (زرافة), perhaps borrowed from the animal's Somali name geri. There … They eat the browse that others cannot reach, which promotes growth of forage and opens up areas for themselves and other smaller browsers to make use of. These mammals are long-necked, long-legged and hoofed, and have irregular, brown square-shaped patterns on their lighter skin. The Arab name is translated as "fast-walker". How many tiger species are there? Please refresh the page and try again. There Are Actually 4 Types of Giraffes. © 2020 Giraffe Conservation Foundation. Proudly wear your support for GCF! There Are Actually 4 Types of Giraffes. Masai giraffes in South Luangwa National Park, Zambia. Currently, giraffes are all know as species Giraffa camelopardalis, and up to 11 sub-species are recognized, including the Nubian giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis camelopardalis). By clicking below to submit this form, you acknowledge that the information you provide will be transferred to MailerLite for processing in accordance with their Privacy Policy and Terms of Service. The answer to the question regarding how many types of giraffes are there in the world is letter B or nine (9). As a result, an update of the traditional taxonomy now exists. The reticulated giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis reticulata), also known as the Somali giraffe, is a subspecies of giraffe native to the Horn of Africa.It lives in Somalia, southern Ethiopia, and northern Kenya. Fennessy et al. Their heart may be two feet long and weigh 25 pounds. Giraffes are ruminants, and they are the tallest animals on Earth, although one of the species is the first place in this category. Masai giraffes in South Luangwa National Park, Zambia. Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer, Black holes may not exist, but fuzzballs might, wild theory suggests, Sprawling 8-mile-long 'canvas' of ice age beasts discovered hidden in Amazon rainforest, Most accurate map of our galaxy pinpoints 1.8 billion cosmic objects, Lost islands beneath the North Sea survived a mega-tsunami 8,000 years ago, Physicists recorded the flowing sound of a 'perfect' fluid for the first time, Mysterious black spot in polar explorer's diary offers gruesome clue to his fate. A giraffe's 6-foot-long neck weighs about 600 pounds. A reticulated giraffe strides across the savanna in Samburu National Reserve, Kenya. The giraffe population has fallen by around 40% since 1990. Please check your email to confirm your subscription. There are many different types of symbiotic relationships or relationships between animals that depend on each other in an ecosystem. 15 years ago, there were 140,000 giraffes in Africa. First identified as a subspecies in 1899, this giraffe is distributed across Kenya, Ethiopia and Somalia. Giraffe can be so tall they can peer into a second story window. This species now encompasses several subspecies: West African, Kordofan, Nubian and Rothschild's. They are distinguished by their coat patterns and by where they live in Africa. In the last 15 years, the population of giraffes has declined by 40% - there are now an estimated 90,000 individuals in the wild. All four giraffe species and their subspecies live in geographically distinct areas throughout Africa. Giraffes belong to the family Giraffidae and the genus Giraffa. There are 6 different types of giraffes. However, there is no group bonding. World Record Holder. Behaviour. Stay up to date on the coronavirus outbreak by signing up to our newsletter today. The giraffe population has fallen by around 40% since 1990. The new species are the northern giraffe, the southern giraffe, the reticulated giraffe and the Masai giraffe. Future US, Inc. 11 West 42nd Street, 15th Floor, Wikimedia Commons. File photo of the white giraffe spotted in Kenya in 2017. The West African giraffe, the Rothschild giraffe, the reticulated giraffe, masai giraffe, angolan giraffe and South African giraffe. In a recent paper in Current Biology, Fennessy and colleagues [1] conclude that there are four species of giraffe and that their numbers are declining in Africa. Giraffes are a more diverse group than once thought, with scientists recently identifying four distinct species. Etymology. South African Giraffe (G. c. giraffa) Also known as the Cape giraffe, it ranges across South African, … All rights reserved unless otherwise stated.Website design & hosting by Kevin Halfhill. Jun 28, 2015 - differences in spot patterns by sub-species of giraffes - and I thought they were all the same! Sarah Sloat. Since giraffes were first described in the 18th century, these long-necked mammals were thought of as one species, with nine subspecies emerging over subsequent decades. Rothschild’s giraffe is genetically identical to the Nubian giraffe. We use MailerLite as our marketing automation platform. Help save giraffe. These nine types of giraffe can be found in Africa and they are classified according to their geographical range, coat patterns and coloration. This study revealed that there are four distinct species of giraffe, and five subspecies. Answer. In the wild, African elephants outnumber giraffe 4 to 1. NY 10036. Outside of this Kenyan giraffe family, only one other white giraffe has been spotted in Africa; it … In the last 30 years, giraffes in Africa have declined from approximately 155,000 to under 100,000, according to the latest IUCN Red List assessment. This is a rare sight of southern giraffes — previously described as the subspecies Angolan giraffe — drinking in northwest Namibia. Some of your most frequently asked questions answered, Twiga Tracker – Using modern technology to save giraffe and their habitat, Environmental Education for Namibia’s future. The back legs look shorter than the front legs, but they are about the same length. How many tiger species are there? Threatened animals have more time on their clocks than endangered animals, and the debate over how many species of giraffes there are might be presenting some types of giraffes as having much more time on that extinction clock than they actually do. There are three distinct types of Giraffes. You will not be subscribed until we receive your confirmation. The subspecies West African giraffe was described in 1898, and is found primarily in Niger. (Photo credit: Marc Napo/Ishaqbini-Hirola Community Conservancy) Poachers have killed two extremely rare white giraffes in northeast Kenya, leaving just one such animal in the world. Senegal, like many West African countries, has lost all of its giraffes. (Photo credit: Marc Napo/Ishaqbini-Hirola Community Conservancy) Poachers have killed two extremely rare white giraffes in northeast Kenya, leaving just one such animal in the world. Giraffe Species Genetic research led to a new taxonomic classification in 2016 when the formerly single species of giraffes changed to four species, five subspecies and two ecotypes. Learn about all 9 types of tigers, including population size, weight, range, illegal trade in tiger parts, and unique features. Angolan giraffes — now identified as the southern giraffe species — in northwest Namibia. Importantly this means that by protecting Africa’s giraffes, we are protecting other species too. They are found in a wide range of habitat and have the ability to move over the land, climb trees, and swim with ease. The GCF Gift Shop has official t-shirts, tote bags, and more items. Although snakes are common in warm, tropical areas, they have an extremely large global distribution. There is also a real stuffed albino giraffe in Ripley's Believe It Or Not Odditorium. The Angolan subspecies was described in 1903, and there are an estimated 13,000 individuals in the wild. Jun 28, 2015 - differences in spot patterns by sub-species of giraffes - and I thought they were all the same! These mammals are long-necked, long-legged and hoofed, and have irregular, brown square-shaped patterns on their lighter skin. The name "giraffe" has its earliest known origins in the Arabic word zarāfah (زرافة), perhaps borrowed from the animal's Somali name geri. Visit our corporate site. In the wild, African elephants outnumber giraffe 4 to 1. For a long time, people called the giraffe a camel-leopard, believing it was a combination of a camel and a leopard! They are Masaai, Rothschilds, and Reticulated. The two giraffes to be killed were a mother and her seven-month-old calf. The genome of the giraffe was first decoded earlier this year—revealing clues about why the giraffe, the tallest mammal, has such a long neck and long legs. Fewer than 8,700 individuals of this species remain in the wild. There are four species, six subspecies and one ecotype of giraffes that are native to more than 15 African countries. Previously identified as a subspecies, this giraffe species is found primarily in Kenya and Tanzania, and was first described in 1898. These nine types of giraffe can be found in Africa and they are classified according to their geographical range, coat patterns and coloration. Males can reach a height of 16 to 18 feet while females are somewhat smaller at 14 to 16 feet. In the past 15-30 years, this number has dropped to just 80,000. They are now considered to be the northern giraffe species. Different subspecies (types) of giraffes have different patterns of spots. Giraffe's can commonly be found in Africa, South of the Sahara Desert. There are fewer giraffe in the wild today than the African elephant or the hippo. Hope I could help! They are commonly known as Commensalism, Mutualism, and Parasitism. 9.8.2016 8:36 PM. South African Giraffe (G. c. giraffa) Also known as the Cape giraffe, it ranges across South African, … Yet in America, trade in giraffe parts is booming. Giraffe populations have decreased by 40 percent across Africa since 1985, with about 100,000 left today. Thornicroft's Giraffe (G. c. thornicrofti) The Thornicroft’s giraffe is also known as the Rhodesian … Valves in the veins and specialized blood vessels work together to prevent giraffe from getting a head rush while raising their heads after getting a drink. Giraffe’s are vital to keeping ecosystems in balance. Giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis) are presently classified as one species, with nine subspecies, which are considered 'Vulnerable' on the … Behaviour. During the year 2005 an albino giraffe was spotted in Tanzania. There were several Middle English spellings, such as jarraf, ziraph, and gerfauntz.The Italian form giraffa arose in the 1590s. But researchers have discovered that giraffes are more diverse than previously suspected, thanks to extensive DNA analysis — the most comprehensive ever performed for these well-known but not very well-studied animals — which revealed four species that did not interbreed. The legs of a giraffe are also 6 feet long. Hope I could help! Giraffe's can commonly be found in Africa, South of the Sahara Desert. You can find these giraffes pictures on the internet. Nubian giraffe (G. c. camelopardalis), Kordofan giraffe (G. c. antiquorum) and West African giraffe (G. c. peralta) are the three subspecies of the Northern giraffe. “With respect to giraffe in general, there are some clever people out there who’ve come up with ideas about why they’re a species or subspecies,” he continued. The giraffe's neck bones just happen to be much longer! A giraffe could look into a second-story window without even having to stand on its tiptoes! Youngsters stay with a few adult females and the males are nomadic and move between groups of females. There are three main types of symbiotic relationships which I have studied. 9.8.2016 8:36 PM. The release of a new study suggesting there are four species of giraffes is the latest piece of scientific evidence indicating giraffes belong to more than one species. Berry 4 Anne Dagg 3 5 Francois Deacon 2 3 John B. Doherty 3 6 7 Derek E. Lee 3 8 Frédéric Mineur 6 7 Zoe Muller 3 9 10 Rob Ogden 11 Russell Seymour 3 6 … Importantly this means that by protecting Africa’s giraffes, we are protecting other species too. The four distinct species are Masai giraffe (G. tippelskirchi), Northern giraffe (G. camelopardalis), Reticulated giraffe (G. reticulata) and Southern giraffe (G. giraffa). 15 years ago, there were 140,000 giraffes in Africa. Sarah Sloat. Giraffes are fairly social animals and get together in herds from time to time. There are 6 different types of giraffes. A reticulated giraffe in Samburu National Reserve, Kenya. There are approximately 8,500 individuals living in the wild. We thought there was only one species for hundreds of years! You'll receive our news updates once every 2 months.